NSF Seal

Supported by the National Science Foundation's Basic Research to Enable Agricultural Development (BREAD) program

Above: Agroecological landscape, South Nandi Hills, Kenya. (photo: D. Guerena)
Further Reading and Selected References

Beck, D. P. (1991). "Suitability of charcoal-amended minerals soil as a carrier for rhizobium inoculants". Soil Biology & Biochemistry 23(1): 41-44.

Diblasi, C. (2008). "Modeling chemical and physical processes of wood and biomass pyrolysis." Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 34(1): 47-90.

Lehmann, J. Rillig, M.C., Thies, J. Massielo, C.A. Hockaday, W.C. and D. Crowley. (in press). "Biochar effects on soil biota - a review." Soil Biology and Biochemistry.

Stella, D. and P. Sivasakthivelan (2009). "Effect of Different Organic Amendments Addition into Azospirillum Bioinoculant with Lignite as Carrier Material." Botany Research International 2(4): 229-232.

Torres-Rojas, D., J. Lehmann, et al. (2011). "Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production in rural households of Western Kenya." Biomass and Bioenergy.

Whitman, T., C. F. Nicholson, et al. (2011). "Climate change impact of biochar cook stoves in Western Kenyan farm households: system dynamics model analysis." Environmental Science & Technology 45(8): 3687-3694.

Woolf, D., J. E. Amonette, et al. (2010). "Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change." Nature Communications 1:56.

Zengeni, R., S. Mpepereki, et al. (2006). "Manure and soil properties affect survival and persistence of soyabean nodulating rhizobia in smallholder soils of Zimbabwe." Applied Soil Ecology 32(2): 232-242.